According to the World Health Organisation, Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses causing illnesses, ranging from common colds to more severe diseases. Coronaviruses can be transmitted between animals and humans.
Common symptoms of infection include respiratory issues, fever, cough and shortness of breath. In more severe cases these can symptoms can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Standard procedures recommended to prevent the spread of Coronavirus include but are not limited to the following:
- Washing of hands regularly with an alcohol based hand rub or with soap and water.
- Maintaining at least a 1-metre distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. This is because when individuals cough or sneeze, small liquid droplets are sprayed from the nose and mouth, which may contain viruses. If you are too close, these droplets including the Coronavirus can be breathed in, provided the individual who is coughing has the virus.
- Avoid touching the eyes, mouth and nose. This is because many surfaces can pick up the virus and once contaminated the virus hands can transfer the virus to the eyes mouth and nose. This in turn, can enter the body and make you sick.
- Make sure the people around you as well as yourself follow good respiratory hygiene. This involves covering your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough with a belt elbow or tissue. Ensure the tissue is disposed of immediately. Again, the reason for this is droplets emitted can potentially spread the virus if an infected person sneezes.
- If you feel unwell, stay at home. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance.
- Keep up to do date with the Coronavirus hotspots and if possible avoid travelling to these places, especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.